Roofing Types

When building or modifying a home, you should designate some time to selecting the best roof type to match the architecture of your home, Chase Construction North West can help you decide what roofing type is best for you. Below are designs I’ve either used or witnessed being used, to great effect.

Mansard

This style of roof originates from France and uses four slopes, two on each side of the house. Used on many iconic French buildings, including the Louvre.  The lower slope is more vertical than the upper slope, creating beautiful angles. The use of a Mansard can have wonderful effects on the interior of a home too, often creating more space and angled walls on the highest floor of the build.

Gambrel

This Dutch design takes inspiration from Mansart, the French architect from whom the term Mansard comes. Almost identical in design, the Gambrel has one extra slope below the vertical slope that hangs over the façade of the property.

gambrel roof

Skillion

A skillion roof is a single slope, often not attached to any other roof surface. In recent years architects have been using multi skillion roofing on a single property to create unique shapes on the exterior. If the property is on the larger side it is worth considering how much water flow you will have from the roof. If you live in an area where you experience high amounts of rainfall, a skillion roof will cause all run off to collect in one location, rather than being spread around the ground.

Arched

Used as an accompaniment to other roofing styles, often on a porch or smaller parts of the house. When used properly it can be very aesthetically pleasing.

Flat

Easy to construct and to identify. I think the simple look compliments modern designs brilliantly. Flat builds are proving very popular in Scandinavia. Green roofs are fashionable at the moment; people are turning flat roofs in to eco-friendly spaces where they can spend time. A green roof keeps heat inside the home, absorbs rainwater and helps lower urban air temperature. Unfortunately, flat roofs require much more maintenance than other design types. Debris and water collect on the surface and must be managed to prevent damage to the building.

Bonnet

Opposite, in theory, to the Mansard. Again, the roof is made up of four slopes, this time the higher slope is steeper than the lower slope. The lower slopes have quite a significant overlap over the house, often covering a patio, walkway or seating area.

bonnet roof

Hip

A practical design, not difficult to construct compared to some of the other types. There is a slope on each side of the building, they all have the same angles and meet at the peak of the structure. Depending on the size of the flat surface, you may need to carry out regular maintenance to clear rain water and debris.

Saltbox

When done properly, my favourite style of roof. The wide variety of shapes and angles you can create give an architect license to experiment. Usually made with one long shallow side and a shorter steeper side, although there are no rules to say you can’t mix things up. With the standard design, it’s possible to have a building with one half containing two stories and the other having three stories. Designed well, this will leave you with more room and a unique space.

saltbox roof

In my experience, the best home designs are always the ones that are unique. There are a lot of good designers and architects out there who create perfectly lovely structures and interiors, but it takes something different to ascend to greatness. A roof can give you that something special. Not only will a great roof provide a beautiful exterior to a property, done correctly it can completely transform the interior too.

Hillary Ealey has a passion for home improvements and is working alongside LEAFIELD PROJECTS to help you learn more.

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